Nature-based solutions are ways the environment can be utilized or mimicked to solve problems
Nature-based solutions is a term that refers to what communities can do to meet challenges in ways that are inspired by the environment. ALUS helps farmers and ranchers use their land to help address problems they or their community are experiencing (flooding, erosion, etc.) for the benefit of their productive land and to the benefit of the local environment.
One type of nature-based solution might be tree and shrub planting. Tree and shrub buffers planted along a riverbank can help prevent the erosion of topsoil into that river, which in turn can keep excess amounts of certain nutrients (phosphorus and nitrogen) out of the water, reducing fouling of waterways and improving fish habitat. This upgrades water quality and prevents problems in water supply, directly impacting water treatment costs and health and social issues associated with poor water quality.
This is, of course, a simplified description of these kinds of solutions, but the impacts of this work are cumulative. By increasing stream and river buffers, we can create nature-based solutions on a large scale and have an even bigger positive impact on the environment.
Wetland creation is another amazing nature-based solution that the ALUS program and its participants provide. Wetlands act as water catchment systems which can capture stormwater, reduce nutrient loads and create diverse wildlife habitat. Wetlands can slow down the movement of water into our streams and rivers and reduce flooding downstream, as well as increase water retention on the landscape to mitigate drought.
Nature-based solutions can have a broad swath of impacts that help build resilience and improve society, environmental and human health, and economies. For example, less flooding means fewer damages, reduces the likelihood of damages to property and infrastructure and helps ease the burden on everyone’s pocketbooks.