Environmental Innovation, Technology and Local Solutions for Farmers and Ranchers

ALUS Innovation Stories

ALUS Partnerships Lead Lake Erie Basin Impacts

ALUS Partnerships Lead Lake Erie Basin Impacts

Harmful algal bloom in Lake Erie from 2017. Image from NASA Earth Observatory, by Joshua Stevens, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey. With funding from RBC Tech for Nature, ALUS will work with the University of Guelph’s Dr. Wanhong Yang to leverage a...

Helping At-Risk Fish

Helping At-Risk Fish

PRESS RELEASE | REGINA, July 22 2020 | ALUS launches a fact sheets series showcasing how farmers and ranchers can help endangered fish species in the Prairies, thanks to new funding from DFO. Have you seen ALUS Canada’s new series of fact sheets on endangered fish...

ALUS Pilot Projects

Modeste Natural Infrastructure Project Overview

ALUS Guidebooks

Success with ALUS Enhanced Grazing Projects - ALUS Guidebook.

Success with ALUS Enhanced Grazing Projects

Tree and Shrub guidebook

Success with ALUS Tree and Shrub Projects

Success with ALUS Wetland Projects

Success with ALUS Erosion-Control Projects

Success with ALUS Grassland Projects

Success with ALUS Tree & Shrub Projects

Success with ALUS Wetland Projects

Monitoring ALUS Grassland Projects

Monitoring Wetland & Erosion-Control ALUS Projects

Monitoring ALUS Tree & Shrub Projects

Tallgrass Prairie Guide

ALUS Research

Summative Evaluation of Delayed Hay Cut Initiative on Prince Edward Island.

Summative Evaluation of Delayed Hay Cut Initiative on Prince Edward Island – Final Report

Report by CBCL Limited (2021)

Alternative Land Use Services (ALUS): A benchmark survey of public opinion on the environment in relation to farming and the quality of life in Norfolk County

Survey Report by Bob Bailey and Loreley Greenslade, Ecometrica Communications (2005)

Alternative Land Use Services (ALUS): A Preliminary Overview of Potential Cost Reductions and Financial Benefits to Canada

Report by Tyrchniewicz Consulting (2007)

Alberta Innovates: Cost Assessment of Ecosystem Services Procurement

Report by Alberta Innovates Technology Futures (2016)

Assessment of Potential Biodiversity Market Partnerships in Ontario-Amoveo Report ENBUS group

Research Project for the class of Pr. Goretty Dias, University of Waterloo (2012)

A Benefit Transfer Tool for Valueing Nature’s Benefits to Society from ALUS Farmlands

Report by EcoRessources (2013)

Community composition of pollinating insects on farms enrolled in Alternative Land Use Services in Norfolk County, Ontario

Research by Courtney Irvine, University of Guelph (2013)

Expansion of the Pollination Service Measurement (PSM) concept in Southern Ontario

Research by Tom Woodcock et al., University of Guelph & Seeds of Diversity (2013)

An analysis of the critical success factors for participation in agricultural – environmental program: A case study

Thesis by Jessica Rosenburg, University of Guelph (2010)

Grassland Carbon Sequestration Offset Protocol Framework

Report by EcoRessources (2011)

Payment for agro-ecosystem services: Developmental case-history descriptions of Canada’s Grassroots ‘ALUS’ Programs

Research by Robert L. France and Jeffrey B. Campbell, Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management (2015)

Small Restoration, Big Impacts: How Habitat Influences Native Pollinators in Intensive Agricultural Landscapes

Thesis by Caitlin Paterson, University of Guelph (2014)

Investment in the Provision of Ecological Goods and Services on Private Rural Land in Ontario: A Framework for Policy Development

Thesis by Paul Guerra, University of Guelph (2010)

Studies of Bobolink and Related Bird Habitats on Agricultural Lands in Norfolk County

Report by Jon McCracken (2014)

Supporting Environmental Stewardship and Livelihood Benefits in Ontario’s Greenbelt: Assessing the Potential Contribution of the Alternative Land Use Services Program

Thesis by Bruce Mackenzie, University of Waterloo (2008)

ALUS Info Sheets

Helping Aquatic Species at Risk: Bigmouth Buffalo

Helping Aquatic Species at Risk: Carmine Shiner

Helping Aquatic Species at Risk: Lake Sturgeon

Helping Aquatic Species at Risk: Plains Minnow

Helping Aquatic Species at Risk: Western Silvery Minnow

Other Research

Ecological Goods and Services

EG&S: Estimating Program Uptake and the Nature of Costs and Benefits

George Morris Center (2007)

EG&S: Estimating Program Uptake and the Nature of Costs and Benefits in Agro Manitoba

George Morris Center (2009)

Estimating Ecosystem Services in Southern Ontario

Spatial Informatics Group, Austin Troy & Ken Bagstad (2009)

Estimating the Value of Natural Capital in the Credit River Watershed

The Pembina Institute and Credit Valley Conservation (2009)

Funding Natural Capital – Determining the Desired Characteristics of an Ecosystem Services Credit

Upstream Innovations; Alison Carlyle, Alex Watkins, Colin Little, Mackenzie Zettler and Sophia Sanniti (2014)

Payments for ecosystem services

Report by Helen Dunn, Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affair- UK (2011)

Potential Contribution of Payments for Ecological Goods and Services to Farm Income

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (2007)

Proceedings of the Ecological Good and Services Technical Meeting, Ottawa, Canada

(2009)

Provision of Public Goods through Agriculture in the European Union

Institute for European Environmental Policy (2009)

Securing Natural Capital and Ecological Goods and Services for Canada

Nancy Olewiler (2008)

Understanding relationships among multiple ecosystem services

Elena M. Bennett, Garry D. Peterson and Line J. Gordon (2009)

Wetlands, Flood Control and Ecosystem Services in the Smith Creek Drainage Basin: A Case Study in Saskatchewan, Canada

John K. Pattison-Williams, John W. Pomeroy, Pascal Badiou, Shane Gabor (Ecological Economics 147 (2018) 36-47)

Pollination

Attracting Beneficial Insects with Native Flowering Plants

Anna Fiedler, Julianna Tuell, Rufus Isaacs, and Doug Landis, Department of Entomology, Michigan State University (2007)

Conserving Native Bees on Farmland

Rufus Isaacs and Julianna Tuell, Department of Entomology, Michigan State University (2007)

Evaluation of Native Legume Species for Forage Yield, Quality, and Seed Production

Robert L McGraw, Floyd W Shockley, John F Thompson, and Craig A Roberts (2004)

Evidence for decline in eastern North American bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae), with special focus on Bombus affinis Cresson

Sheila R. Colla, Laurence Packer (2008)

Visitation by Wild and Managed Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) to Eastern U.S. Native Plants for Use in Conservation Programs

Julianna K. Tuell, Anna K. Fielder, Douglas Landis, and Rufus Isaacs (2008)

Grazing

Adaptive multi-paddock grazing improves water infiltration in Canadian grassland soils.

Adaptive multi-paddock grazing improves water infiltration in Canadian
grassland soils

Dobert et al. (2021). Elsevier.

Soil greenhouse gas emissions and grazing management in northern temperate grasslands.

Soil greenhouse gas emissions and grazing management in northern
temperate grasslands

Ma et al. (2021). Elsevier

Our Research Partners

University Of Guelph

Dr. Wanhong Yang, Professor in the Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics

ALUS works with Dr. Wanhong Yang, a Professor in the Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics at the University of Guelph, to quantify the environmental benefits of different agricultural conservation projects, such as wetlands and riparian buffers, and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of conservation practices in agricultural watersheds. This work is ongoing in two provinces: In Ontario, Dr. Yang is conducting a cost-benefit analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of ALUS projects for phosphorus reduction within the priority regions identified by the Great Lakes Protection Initiative. This research is supported by a grant from the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Canada (ALUS Norfolk, ALUS Middlesex and ALUS Chatham-Kent). In Alberta, Dr. Yang’s work is focused on the Modeste subwatershed of the North Saskatchewan River, which the Government of Alberta has identified as being a high priority for flood mitigation and water quality, and a moderate-high priority for drought. This research is supported by a grant from Alberta Environment and Parks’ Watershed Resiliency and Restoration Program (WRRP).

Watershed Evaluation Group, Dr. Wanhong Yang’s research program

Dr. Wanhong Yang receives 2018 Weston Family Ecosystem Innovation Award

About the Modeste Natural Infrastructure Project

Progress in Modeste Natural Infrastructure Project

ALUS Partnerships Lead Lake Erie Basin Impacts

Dr. Wanhong Yang’s research profile

MacDougall Ecology Lab, Department of Integrative Biology

The MacDougall Ecology Lab works in collaboration with ALUS to examine how farmland restoration can help society produce more food while reducing local environmental impacts by providing ecosystem services. Dr. Andrew MacDougall and his students, from the Department of Integrative Biology at the University of Guelph, are quantifying the various ecosystem services being produced on ALUS projects, primarily in ALUS Norfolk and ALUS Elgin. Specifically, they are looking at the role of prairie strips in providing habitat for arthropods thus promoting diversity in agroecosystems; serving as a soil carbon sink/storage; and impeding nutrients from synthetic fertilizers, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, from leaching into ground and surface waters. 

MacDougall Ecology Lab 

Dr Andrew McDougall’s research profile 

School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph

Nigel Raine Lab, School of Environmental Sciences

Dr. Nigel Raine, the Rebanks Family Chair for Pollinator Conservation at the University of Guelph, has led a three-year study documenting the species richness and abundance of native pollinators in Ontario from which to establish baselines to track declines and causes of pollinator losses in the coming years. The Nigel Raine Lab is currently conducting baseline studies of native pollinators on a number of ALUS farms in Ontario.

The Nigel Raine Lab

School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph

Dr. Nigel Raine’s research profile

Amy Newman, Department of Integrative Biology

The Newman Lab studies proximate and ultimate questions around stress ecophysiology. Researchers at the Newman Lab combine field studies and laboratory analyses to examine the persistent effects of early life stress on physiology, behaviour and fitness fo species. Dr. Amy Newman and her colleagues’ work is directed by a passion for integrative questions that span levels of biological organization; students in the lab are encouraged to explore questions from evolutionary, ecological, physiological and molecular perspectives.

The Newman Lab 

Amy Newman wins the The 2020 Weston Family Research Innovation Award

School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph

InnoTech Alberta

ALUS works with InnoTech Alberta on the Modeste Natural Infrastructure Project. InnoTech Alberta’s Dr Marian Webber is conducting an economic analysis of the costs and benefits of using nature to deliver infrastructure-related services in the Modeste subwatershed (ALUS Parkland, ALUS Brazeau, and ALUS Wetaskiwin-Leduc). This research is supported by a grant from Alberta Environment and Parks’ Watershed Resiliency and Restoration Program (WRRP).

InnoTech Alberta website

About the Modeste Natural Infrastructure Project

Progress in Modeste Natural Infrastructure Project

 

Alberta Agriculture and Forestry

ALUS works with Alberta Agriculture and Forestry on several research projects. For example, Land Use Unit Lead Karen Raven and Geographical Information Systems Lead David Speiss have conducted social science research in the form of a multi-criteria decision mapping process with some ALUS Partnership Advisory Committees in Alberta.

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry

School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph

The Ontario Badger Project

ALUS works with the Badger Recovery Team to help re-establish the North American badger in Ontario. Once common, the species has suffered from habitat fragmentation and is now listed as endangered both federally and provincially in Ontario. The Badger Recovery Team is currently radio-tracking badgers on 28 ALUS Norfolk farms, to track their movements and study their habitat and habits. People who see a badger or find a badger burrow on their farms are asked to report their sightings to Josh Sayers of the Ontario Badger Project: 1-877-715-9299.

The Ontario Badger Project

Université du Québec en Outaouais

Université du Québec en Outaouais

Dr. Vijay KolinjivadiInstitut Des Sciences De La Forêt Tempérée

ALUS Prince Edward Island has worked closely with Dr. Vijay Kolinjivadi, a researcher from the Université du Québec en Outaouais’ Institute of Temperate Forest Sciences (l’Institut des Sciences de la Forêt tempérée, ISFORT) to facilitate interviews with participating farmers across PEI in 2017. The resulting work, “Putting nature ‘to work’ through Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES),” was published in Land Use Policy (81, 2019).

ALUS PEI research published in Land Use Policy (81, 2019)

Institut des Sciences de la Forêt tempérée de l’UQO (ISFORT)

Dr. Vijay Kolinjivadi’s research profile (in French)

Innovate With Us