Environmental Innovation, Technology and Local Solutions for Farmers and Ranchers
ALUS Innovation Stories
Harmful algal bloom in Lake Erie from 2017. Image from NASA Earth Observatory, by Joshua Stevens, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey. With funding from RBC Tech for Nature, ALUS will work with the University of Guelph’s Dr. Wanhong Yang to leverage a...
PRESS RELEASE | REGINA, July 22 2020 | ALUS launches a fact sheets series showcasing how farmers and ranchers can help endangered fish species in the Prairies, thanks to new funding from DFO. Have you seen ALUS Canada’s new series of fact sheets on endangered fish...
ALUS Canada launches new booklets to help farmers and ranchers monitor ALUS projects for best success What does success with ALUS projects look like? Check out the new round of our “Success with ALUS Projects” guidebooks, now available thanks to funding from the...
Summative Evaluation of Delayed Hay Cut Initiative on Prince Edward Island – Final Report
Report by CBCL Limited (2021)
Alternative Land Use Services (ALUS): A benchmark survey of public opinion on the environment in relation to farming and the quality of life in Norfolk County
Survey Report by Bob Bailey and Loreley Greenslade, Ecometrica Communications (2005)
Alberta Innovates: Cost Assessment of Ecosystem Services Procurement
Report by Alberta Innovates Technology Futures (2016)
Assessment of Potential Biodiversity Market Partnerships in Ontario-Amoveo Report ENBUS group
Research Project for the class of Pr. Goretty Dias, University of Waterloo (2012)
Community composition of pollinating insects on farms enrolled in Alternative Land Use Services in Norfolk County, Ontario
Research by Courtney Irvine, University of Guelph (2013)
Expansion of the Pollination Service Measurement (PSM) concept in Southern Ontario
Research by Tom Woodcock et al., University of Guelph & Seeds of Diversity (2013)
Payment for agro-ecosystem services: Developmental case-history descriptions of Canada’s Grassroots ‘ALUS’ Programs
Research by Robert L. France and Jeffrey B. Campbell, Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management (2015)
Investment in the Provision of Ecological Goods and Services on Private Rural Land in Ontario: A Framework for Policy Development
Thesis by Paul Guerra, University of Guelph (2010)
Studies of Bobolink and Related Bird Habitats on Agricultural Lands in Norfolk County
Report by Jon McCracken (2014)
ALUS Info Sheets
Ecological Goods and Services
EG&S: Estimating Program Uptake and the Nature of Costs and Benefits in Agro Manitoba
George Morris Center (2009)
Estimating the Value of Natural Capital in the Credit River Watershed
The Pembina Institute and Credit Valley Conservation (2009)
Funding Natural Capital – Determining the Desired Characteristics of an Ecosystem Services Credit
Upstream Innovations; Alison Carlyle, Alex Watkins, Colin Little, Mackenzie Zettler and Sophia Sanniti (2014)
Potential Contribution of Payments for Ecological Goods and Services to Farm Income
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (2007)
Understanding relationships among multiple ecosystem services
Elena M. Bennett, Garry D. Peterson and Line J. Gordon (2009)
Adaptive multi-paddock grazing improves water infiltration in Canadian
Dobert et al. (2021). Elsevier.
Attracting Beneficial Insects with Native Flowering Plants
Anna Fiedler, Julianna Tuell, Rufus Isaacs, and Doug Landis, Department of Entomology, Michigan State University (2007)
Conserving Native Bees on Farmland
Rufus Isaacs and Julianna Tuell, Department of Entomology, Michigan State University (2007)
Evidence for decline in eastern North American bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae), with special focus on Bombus affinis Cresson
Sheila R. Colla, Laurence Packer (2008)
Water Quality and Riparian Buffers
Our Research Partners
University Of Guelph
Dr. Wanhong Yang, Professor in the Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics
ALUS works with Dr. Wanhong Yang, a Professor in the Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics at the University of Guelph, to quantify the environmental benefits of different agricultural conservation projects, such as wetlands and riparian buffers, and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of conservation practices in agricultural watersheds. This work is ongoing in two provinces: In Ontario, Dr. Yang is conducting a cost-benefit analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of ALUS projects for phosphorus reduction within the priority regions identified by the Great Lakes Protection Initiative. This research is supported by a grant from the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Canada (ALUS Norfolk, ALUS Middlesex and ALUS Chatham-Kent). In Alberta, Dr. Yang’s work is focused on the Modeste subwatershed of the North Saskatchewan River, which the Government of Alberta has identified as being a high priority for flood mitigation and water quality, and a moderate-high priority for drought. This research is supported by a grant from Alberta Environment and Parks’ Watershed Resiliency and Restoration Program (WRRP).
MacDougall Ecology Lab, Department of Integrative Biology
The MacDougall Ecology Lab works in collaboration with ALUS to examine how farmland restoration can help society produce more food while reducing local environmental impacts by providing ecosystem services. Dr. Andrew MacDougall and his students, from the Department of Integrative Biology at the University of Guelph, are quantifying the various ecosystem services being produced on ALUS projects, primarily in ALUS Norfolk and ALUS Elgin. Specifically, they are looking at the role of prairie strips in providing habitat for arthropods thus promoting diversity in agroecosystems; serving as a soil carbon sink/storage; and impeding nutrients from synthetic fertilizers, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, from leaching into ground and surface waters.
Nigel Raine Lab, School of Environmental Sciences
Dr. Nigel Raine, the Rebanks Family Chair for Pollinator Conservation at the University of Guelph, has led a three-year study documenting the species richness and abundance of native pollinators in Ontario from which to establish baselines to track declines and causes of pollinator losses in the coming years. The Nigel Raine Lab is currently conducting baseline studies of native pollinators on a number of ALUS farms in Ontario.
Amy Newman, Department of Integrative Biology
The Newman Lab studies proximate and ultimate questions around stress ecophysiology. Researchers at the Newman Lab combine field studies and laboratory analyses to examine the persistent effects of early life stress on physiology, behaviour and fitness fo species. Dr. Amy Newman and her colleagues’ work is directed by a passion for integrative questions that span levels of biological organization; students in the lab are encouraged to explore questions from evolutionary, ecological, physiological and molecular perspectives.
ALUS works with InnoTech Alberta on the Modeste Natural Infrastructure Project. InnoTech Alberta’s Dr Marian Webber is conducting an economic analysis of the costs and benefits of using nature to deliver infrastructure-related services in the Modeste subwatershed (ALUS Parkland, ALUS Brazeau, and ALUS Wetaskiwin-Leduc). This research is supported by a grant from Alberta Environment and Parks’ Watershed Resiliency and Restoration Program (WRRP).
Alberta Agriculture and Forestry
ALUS works with Alberta Agriculture and Forestry on several research projects. For example, Land Use Unit Lead Karen Raven and Geographical Information Systems Lead David Speiss have conducted social science research in the form of a multi-criteria decision mapping process with some ALUS Partnership Advisory Committees in Alberta.
The Ontario Badger Project
ALUS works with the Badger Recovery Team to help re-establish the North American badger in Ontario. Once common, the species has suffered from habitat fragmentation and is now listed as endangered both federally and provincially in Ontario. The Badger Recovery Team is currently radio-tracking badgers on 28 ALUS Norfolk farms, to track their movements and study their habitat and habits. People who see a badger or find a badger burrow on their farms are asked to report their sightings to Josh Sayers of the Ontario Badger Project: 1-877-715-9299.
Université du Québec en Outaouais
Dr. Vijay Kolinjivadi, Institut Des Sciences De La Forêt Tempérée
ALUS Prince Edward Island has worked closely with Dr. Vijay Kolinjivadi, a researcher from the Université du Québec en Outaouais’ Institute of Temperate Forest Sciences (l’Institut des Sciences de la Forêt tempérée, ISFORT) to facilitate interviews with participating farmers across PEI in 2017. The resulting work, “Putting nature ‘to work’ through Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES),” was published in Land Use Policy (81, 2019).