ALUS uses the following scientific research and resources to optimize the efficiency and effectiveness of program activities.

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ALUS is grounded in a solid scientific bedrock, as one of our eight core principles: “ALUS is science-based: Based on sound scientific principles and verification guidelines, ALUS provides valuable support and technical expertise for the design and implementation of each green infrastructure project.”

This allows ALUS to provides valuable support and technical expertise for the design and implementation of green infrastructure projects across the country, and ensures that our outcomes are measured accurately, using sound verification guidelines.

And more than that, ALUS projects themselves are fertile laboratories for primary scientific research. ALUS has partnered with a large number of academic institutions who are researching such topics as ecosystem services, species at risk, pollinator health, water quality, climate change adaptation, and much more. View our list of research partners here.

ALUS uses the following scientific research and resources to optimize the efficiency and effectiveness of program activities, and recognizes the importance of the social, economic and environmental sciences in guiding our implementation of the program.

Resources by category:

Snapshot of ALUS across Canada

Tallgrass Prairie Guide 2015
Alternative Land Use Services

Public Benefits – The creation of an ecological goods and services program in Manitoba will put landowners front and centre.
Stephanie Woltman, University of Manitoba

Alternative Land Use Services (ALUS): A Preliminary Overview of Potential Cost Reductions and Financial Benefits to Canada
Tyrchniewicz Consulting

Alternative Land Use Services (ALUS): A benchmark survey of public opinion on the environment in relation to farming and the quality of life in Norfolk County
Bob Bailey and Loreley Greenslade

Investment in the Provision of Ecological Goods and Services on Private Rural Land in Ontario: A Framework for Policy Development
Paul Guerra, University of Guelph

An analysis of the critical success factors for participation in agricultural – environmental program: A case study
Jessica Rosenburg, University of Guelph

Supporting Environmental Stewardship and Livelihood Benefits in Ontario’s Greenbelt: Assessing the Potential Contribution of the Alternative Land Use Services Program
Bruce Mackenzie, University of Waterloo

Grassland Carbon Sequestration Offset Protocol Framework

Studies of Bobolink and Related Bird Habitats on Agricultural Lands in Norfolk County
Jon McCracken

Expansion of the Pollination Service Measurement (PSM) concept in Southern Ontario
Tom Woodcock et al. (2013)

Community composition of pollinating insects on farms enrolled in Alternative Land Use Services in Norfolk County, Ontario
Courtney Irvine, University of Guelph

A Benefit Transfer Tool for Valueing Nature’s Benefits to Society from ALUS Farmlands

Assessment of Potential Biodiversity Market Partnerships in Ontario-Amoveo Report ENBUS group
University of Waterloo

Conservation Planning Is about more than the Environment: ALUS project numbers continue to grow across the province, by Matt McIntosh, Farmtario, October 1, 2018
By Matt McIntosh. Reprinted by permission: Farmtario, October 1, 2018, page 8:


Small Restoration, Big Impacts: How Habitat Influences Native Pollinators in Intensive Agricultural Landscapes | PDF of Powerpoint Presentation
Caitlin Paterson, University of Guelph Master of Science Thesis

Attracting Beneficial Insects with Native Flowering Plants
Michigan State University Extension

Evidence for decline in eastern North American bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae), with special focus on Bombus affinis Cresson
Sheila R. Colla, Laurence Packer

Visitation by Wild and Managed Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) to Eastern U.S. Native Plants for Use in Conservation Programs
Julianna K. Tuell, Anna K. Fielder, Douglas Landis, and Rufus Isaacs

Evaluation of Native Legume Species for Forage Yield, Quality, and Seed Production
Robert L McGraw, Floyd W Shockley, John F Thompson, and Craig A Roberts

Conserving Native Bees on Farmland
Rufus Isaacs and Julianna Tuell

Other Relevant Reports

Ecological Goods and Services

Funding Natural Capital – Determining the Desired Characteristics of an Ecosystem Services Credit
Upstream Innovations; Alison Carlyle, Alex Watkins, Colin Little, Mackenzie Zettler and Sophia Sanniti

Ecological Goods and Services Technical Meeting 2009: An exploration of ecological goods and services concepts and options for agri‐environmental policy

Estimating Ecosystem Services in Southern Ontario
Spatial Informatics Group, Austin Troy & Ken Bagstad (2009)

Strategy for Conserving Canada’s Natural Capital
Ducks Unlimited

Provision of Public Goods through Agriculture in the European Union
Institute for European Environmental Policy

Potential Contribution of Payments for Ecological Goods and Services to Farm Income
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

EG&S: Estimating Program Uptake and the Nature of Costs and Benefits
George Morris Center

EG&S: Estimating Program Uptake and the Nature of Costs and Benefits in Agro Manitoba
George Morris Center

Understanding relationships among multiple ecosystem services
Elena M. Bennett, Garry D. Peterson and Line J. Gordon

Estimating the Value of Natural Capital in the Credit River Watershed
The Pembina Institute and Credit Valley Conservation

Securing Natural Capital and Ecological Goods and Services for Canada
Nancy Olewiler

The Value of Natural Capital in Settled Areas of Canada
Ducks Unlimited and Nature Conservancy of Canada

Payments for ecosystem services
Report by Helen Dunn, October 2011-Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affair- UK

Alberta Innovates: Cost Assessment of Ecosystem Services Procurement
Alberta Innovates Technology Futures

Payment for agro-ecosystem services: Developmental case-history descriptions of Canada’s Grassroots ‘ALUS’ Programs
Robert L. France and Jeffrey B. Campbell (Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management Vol. 4(9), pp. 405-431, September, 2015)

Wetlands, Flood Control and Ecosystem Services in the Smith Creek Drainage Basin: A Case Study in Saskatchewan, Canada
John K. Pattison-Williams, John W. Pomeroy, Pascal Badiou, Shane Gabor (Ecological Economics 147 (2018) 36-47)

Modeste Natural Infrastructure Project Overview
ALUS Canada